BASICS FOR PROTECTING YOUR SKIN FROM SUN DAMAGE

When it comes to skincare, one of the most important things to do when it comes to healthy skin especially on the face is to know how to protect yourself against the harmful UV rays of the sun. Most of us love the sun, however, it doesn’t always really love us. In fact when it comes to the sun and the damage it can do, it becomes the number one environmental factor in aging our skin and causing skin cancer.

 

Here I hope to provide you with a basic guideline to help you protect your skin which will lead to healthy skin that’s vital to any skincare routine that you might be using.

Simple Basics

Over the years I’ve discovered there are a lot of things that you can do to promote healthy skincare and these are things that anyone can do if they truly want to protect their skin, especially on their face from the damage that the sun can cause.

 

  • I always like to make sure that I plan most of my outside activities for either early in the day or late in the day. This helps to avoid being out in the peak hours of sunlight. Those peak hours are normally from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm.
  • I never use tanning beds. Contrary to popular belief, these are just as dangerous as the actual rays of the sun.
  • When it’s extremely sunny out I always like to try and wear a nice and fashionable hat that has a broad brim on it and I always wear sunglasses. We may be talking about healthy skincare here, but we can’t forget the fact that the UV rays can harm our eyes as well.
  • As much as I might love the warmth of the sunshine shining down on me, I always like to try and sit in the shade whenever it’s possible.
  • It’s a good idea to also wear clothing that’s protective such as something that’s made of tight woven material.
  • I always make sure that I put on a really nice sunscreen that has at least an SPF of 15 on all of my skin that is going to be exposed to the sun. This includes my lips. I recommend that you even do this on cloudy days because the UV rays go right through the clouds. If I’m going to be near water I make sure that the sunscreen I use is waterproof.
  • I make sure that I put on my sunscreen about 30 minutes before going out and always take it with me so that I can put more on during the day.

More Basics to Remember

On top of some of the pointers I’ve already provided there are a few more steps that experts recommend that we do and are considered very helpful for healthy skincare and to minimize early aging of your skin:

 

  • It’s suggested that when you buy a sunscreen makes sure it’s one that blocks both the UVA and UVB rays of the sun. Also, if you happen to have super sensitive skin and burn very easily it’s suggested that you use a sunscreen that has an SPF of 30 or even higher.
  • Always be extra careful whenever you are near the water, around snow and even sand. All of these things will reflect back those damaging rays of the sun and it can and usually will increase your chances of getting a sunburn and damaging your skin.
  • Make sure that you get plenty of vitamin D and don’t rely on getting from the sun. Make sure you drink plenty of milk and include healthy foods in your diet that includes this important vitamin. You can also take vitamin D supplements, just don’t use the sun as your source.
  • You also want to make sure that your diet is filled with a variety of different nutrients and antioxidants because these items can extremely reduce any severity of UV damage that you might be exposed to.
  • Finally, make sure that even your sunglasses can protect your eyes from the UVB and UVA rays. You should make sure that the sunglasses not only protect your eyes but are large enough to help protect part of your face at the same time.

 

I hope that you will find these common sense basics helpful in protecting your skin and promoting healthy skin. Enjoy the sun, but be smart about it.

PERSONAL TIPS FOR A GOOD HEALTHY SKINCARE ROUTINE

Sometimes it can be confusing when it comes to skincare. There are so many different suggestions out there that often you don’t know what to do. I would like to share with you a few of my own personal tips on a healthy skincare routine that seems to work well for me and I hope that it can be helpful to you as well.

Avoid the Temptation of Touching Your Face

I know, sounds silly, but I have found that the less you touch your face, the better off it will be. This is really important to remember. The reason why you should avoid touching the skin on your face is because your hands can transfer all kinds of bacteria to your face and that’s a “no-no” when it comes to healthy skincare. Also the dirt that you transfer to your face from your hands can often get trapped in the pores in your skin and this can lead to blemishes. I always try to remember to wash my hands well with warm water and soap before I touch my face or use a facial towel to touch my face with and I highly recommend this to others.

Know Your Skin Type

Knowing your skin type is extremely important before starting any kind of skincare routine. This is because if you go out and by products to use on your face that aren’t for your skin type they are going to be very ineffective and could even harm your skin. Here’s how you can figure out what kind of skin you have:

 

  • Normal – If you have normal skin it will be smooth and firm when you touch it. Normal skin will also have pores that are small to medium in size. Also, normal skin doesn’t get overly dry or overly oily and only gets blemishes on occasion. Those who have normal skin should moisturize, cleanse and use some sort of spot treatment and an optional nighttime solution
  • Dry – If you have dry skin it’s going to feel extremely tight and will have very noticeable flaky spots. Often dry skin is caused from malnutrition or lack of proper hydration. Sometimes dry skin can look really rough and bumpy and will hardly ever get oily. People who have dry skin need to use a deep moisturizer, a spot treatment and a nighttime moisturizing solution of some sort.
  • Oily – This type of skin is the easiest type to recognize. If you face is shiny and tends to feel wet when you touch it then you definitely have oily skin. Oily skin also has big pores and are even noticeable when looking at your face and the skin is extremely prone to pimples. If you are someone with oily skin you should tone it, exfoliate it, use a good spot treatment and only use a light moisturizer every so often.
  • Combination – This type of skin can have a little bit of all types. If you are someone with this type of skin you might have oily skin around the nose and chin as well as the forehead and then you might have dry areas on your cheeks. Then the rest of your skin on your face tends to be normal. If you have this type of skin it’s good to exfoliate, do some cleansing, moisturize and then use a mild spot treatment on your skin.
  • Sensitive – People who have sensitive skin will often sunburn quite easily and may also have adverse reaction to some types of makeup. They also can have irritated skin when there’s drastic changes in the weather. This type of skin is often very difficult to take care of so it’s important to really test product out before purchasing any amounts of them. If you tend to have sensitive skin you should use a natural and mild moisturizer, a gentle cleanser and only spot treatments that is suitable for people with extremely sensitive skin.

Leave Pimples and Blemishes Alone

Look, I know no one likes seeing blemishes on their face, however, for proper skincare, you never want to pop, pick at or squeeze those nasty pimples. No matter how much you are tempted to do so, it’s simply not healthy to do so. It hurts and it actually makes them look worse. Sometimes by doing this you can leave nasty scars on your face as well. So, please leave them alone. Stay away from products like Oxy or Clearasil these products can be extremely harsh for your skin and can strip your face of its natural oils. Best thing to do if you have a very bad case of blemishes is talk to a dermatologist to get the right product for healthy skincare.

Go As Gentle and Natural as Possible

It’s really important for healthy skincare to try to go with the most gentle and sensitive cleansers for your skin. Those that will still remove the excess oil on your skin while promoting healthy and clear skin and ones that don’t use any harsh chemicals in them. So, always read the labels before purchasing. Here’s a tip: if your skin starts to feel tight, dry or even sore after you clean it, then the product you’re using to clean your face with is simply to harsh.

Clean Your Face Twice Daily

For healthy skin, a good skincare routine to get into is to make sure that you wash your face twice a day. You should make sure that you remove all the makeup at night before going to bed. This will give your skin the chance to heal itself and breath while you are sleeping. You also should wash it each morning before you apply your moisturizer and makeup. This is what I usually do:

 

  • First I make sure that I wash my hands so I don’t transfer dirt and bacteria to my face.
  • Then I wet my skin with some nice warm water so that it opens up my pores. Then I take my favorite cleanser and massage it gently into my skin in an upward and circular motion. I then leave it on for about a minute to let it do its job.
  • The next thing I do is remove it by splashing more warm water on my face and then gently wipe off all the cleanser with a soft washcloth. I always make sure it’s completely off or it can cause irritations on the skin.
  • After that, I take some cold water and do a final rinsing of my skin. This helps to close the pores and keeps the dirt from getting right back into the pores and this helps to prevent pimples.
  • Finally I take a towel and dab my face dry. Always make sure the towel is clean one because after all a dirty towel has bacteria on it that you can transfer to your skin.

Use Toner to Restore Healthy pH

After a few minutes I like to use a mild toner in order to restore the healthy pH of my skin. During cleansing the pH will be altered and you want to restore it back to it’s natural state. It’s also a good way to help protect the skin from bacteria and other micro-organisms. All I do is use a small amount of toner and put it on a cotton ball and then just rub it gently all over my face and then I rinse it off with some more cold water.

After Toner Use a Gentle Moisturizer

This is a really important step in skincare you shouldn’t skip. Once you’ve cleaned your face and toned it you really want to add back some moisture. Here’s what I do once I’ve finished toning my skin:

 

  • Once the toner is totally dried and I’ve rinsed my face and dabbed it dry I then take my favorite moisturizer and gently massage it in a circular motion on my neck and face.
  • If your face still feels a little tight after putting your lotion on then this means you didn’t use enough and should try adding just a tiny bit more. Also, if your skin feels a little oily you may have put too much on and you should blot the excess off gently with a soft tissue.

Exfoliate Once a Week

Some people say to do this twice a week, but personally, I prefer just doing it once a week. I prefer making my own. Most of the time I just take some oatmeal and add enough water to make a paste. This is an ideal exfoliate because it’s natural and gentle and it does a great job of removing dead skin cells. This is what I do once a week:

 

  • First I take off all my makeup and then take my oatmeal mixture and gently massage it in an outward and circular fashion for about 30 seconds. Make sure not to scrub your face too hard.
  • Then I take a clean washcloth and soak it in some warm water and take it and use it to massage the oatmeal in tiny circles on my face. Making sure to get into those creases by the nose to help stop the development of blackheads.
  • Finally, I rinse the washcloth in warm water and then remove the oatmeal from my face gently and then pat dry with a clean towel.

 

One of the most important things to remember when you are starting up your own skincare routine is to make sure that you stick to it. Your skin will get use to the pampering that you give it and if you start to go off routine it your skin will start to show negative signs when you stop using the routine.